九年级英语第五单元

作者:九年级英语第五单元 来源:未知 2021-10-14 22:12   阅读:

科目英语年级初三文件middle3unit5.doc标题Theaccident章节第五单元关键词内容教学目标1.词汇A.单词四会:lose(lost),


科目 英语
年级 初三
文件 middle3 unit5.doc
标题 The accident
章节 第五单元
关键词
内容
教学目标 

1. 词汇
A. 单词
四会: lose (lost), past, corner, or, travel, lie (lay), library,
medicine, hurry
三会: accident, motor, motorbike, suddenly, land, gate keeper,
crowd, while
B. 词组/句型
wash clothes make a dress
ride a motorbike write a letter
… , if you can have a little accident
see sb do sth walk past
give sth back to sb ride along the road
play with sb worry about
a traffic accident leave school
shout to sb be badly hurt
stop the traffic carry sb/sth to …
It\'s really nice of you.
crowd round …
in the school library
as quickly as one could, …
the school office
hurry off to do sth
try to do sth
hurry over It\'s nothing.
move away
tell sb about sth
a medicine box
hurry yp
take sb/sth to…
get help from …
call to do sth

2.日常用语
* I forgot the time.
* You\'d better go to bed earlier tonight, if you can.
* What happened?
* How kind!
* It\'s really nice of you.
* It\'s nothing.
* You\'ll be OK.
* As quickly as she could, Miss Zhao got a medicine box.
* Please hurry up.

3. 语法: 过去进行时态(二)
Statement forms陈述句形式
I/He/She/It was (not) travelling too fast.
We/You/They were (not) travelling too fast.
Question forms疑问句形式
Was I/he/she/it travelling too fast?
Were you/we/they travelling too fast?

教学重点与难点:

1.the Blacks布莱克一家
在人的姓前面用定冠词the,后面加s,指该人的全家或其夫妇两人,代表的是复数概念,作主语时,其谓语应用复数形式。
When I got there, the Turners were having dinner.
当我到那儿的时候,特纳一家正在吃晚饭。
The Smiths live upstairs.
史密斯一家住在楼上。
The Greens are all doctors.
格林一家都是医生。
2. … , if you can. 如果能够的话,…
You\'d better go to bed earlier tonight, if you can.
如果可以的话,你今晚最好早点上床睡觉。
Do it by yourself, if you can.
如果可以的话,请亲自做这件事情。
3.have a (little) accident发生一点意外(事故)
I had a little accident last Sunday.
上周日,我发生了一点意外。
I had an accident on my way home.
在回家的路上,我发生了意外。
She died in a traffic accident.
她在一次交通事故中死去。
There was a car / a railroad / an airplane accident yesterday.
昨天发生了一起汽车/火车/飞机事故。
4. happen vi. (偶然地)发生
The accident happened at the corner.
这起事故是在那个角落里发生的。
How did it happen?
那是怎么发生的?
What happened next?
下面发生了什么事情?
5. see sb do sth
表示感觉的动词,如:see, watch, hear, feel等,其宾语后面的不定
式,一般不带to,作宾语补足语。
A woman saw it happen when she was walking past.
一位妇女走过的时候,她看见了(这件事的发生过程)
I saw him walk across the street.
我曾经看到他穿过大街。
I watched him go into the house and come out again a few minutes later.
我看到他走进了那所房子,并且在几分钟之后有出来了。
I often hear her sing this song.
我经常听到她唱这首歌。
I felt the earth move just now.
刚刚我感到大地动了一下。
具有使动意义的动词let和make后面的不定式也不带to.
After the boys moved away the bag, the girls let the traffic go again.
在男孩子们挪开那个袋子之后,女孩子们才让车辆通过。
The teacher made the boy stand at his desk the whole class.
老师让这个男孩子在他的桌子旁站了一节课。
6.give sth back to sb. 把…归还给某人
=give sb back sth
=return sth to sb (return sb sth)
She picked it up and gave it back to me.
她把它捡了起来,并把它还给了我。
Don\'t forget to give the money back to Jim.
=Don\'t forget to give Jim back the money.
别忘了把钱还给杰姆。
Please remember to return the bicycle to Li Lei.
=Please remember to return Li Lei the bicycle.
=Please remember to give Li Lei back the bicycle.
=Please remember to give the bicycle back to Li Lei.
请记着将自行车还给李雷。
7.lucky adj. 幸运的,好运的
I was lucky enough to get a job.
我很幸运能够得到一份工作。
8. worry about … 对…感到忧虑;为…担忧
worry about和be worried about两种表达法均正确。前者常用于语气较强的祈使句中,后者一般用于陈述句中,有时两者也有混用的情况。
Don\'t worry about any new words.
不要为生词担忧。
Don\'t worry about my health. I can look after myself.
不要为我的健康担忧。我会照顾好自己的。
She is worried about her daughter\'s studies at school.
她为她女儿在学校的学习着急。
9. land vt. & vi. (飞机)降落,使降落;(人)上岸,使上岸
It landed in the middle of the road.
它落在了马路中间。
The plane landed an hour later.
飞机是在一个小时之后降落的。
The spaceship landed in the sea this morning.
太空船今天早上降落在海面上。
The pilot landed the plane safely in the heavy snow.
在大雪中,飞行员将飞机安全地降落了。
10. shout at/to sb. 对某人大声喊叫
Don\'t shout at me. I can hear you.
别向我大喊大叫的。我听得见你的话。
We shouted to her to be careful.
我们大声告诉她一定要当心。
11. or的用法
1)(用肯定句)或…, 还是…, 或是…
She or I have to bring it.
要么她要么我必须带上它。
Is it green or blue?
它是绿色的还是兰色的?
Which do you like better, apples or oranges?
苹果或是橘子你更喜欢哪个?
Are you going to leave or stay?
你打算离开还是留下来?
2)(用否定句)…和…都不
He doesn\'t smoke or drink.
他既不抽烟也不喝酒。
3)(用命令句之后)要不然,否则
Let\'s move that bag, or there may be an accident.
咱们挪开那个袋子,否则会发生事故的。
Get up or you\'ll be late for school.
快起床,否则你会迟到的。
Take this bus or (else) you won\'t get there in time.
坐这辆公共汽车,否则你是无法及时赶到那儿的。
12. move
1) vt. 搬动(某一物体)
Let\'s move the big stone away from the road.
咱们把那块大石头从马路上挪开吧。
You\'d better move your chair to the door. It\'s cool there.
你最好把椅子挪到门口那儿去,那儿凉快。
2) vi. 搬家,移动
When are you going to move into your new house?
你打算什么时候搬入新房?
The Greens moved to Beijing last week.
格林一家在上周搬家到了北京。
He hurt his leg and couldn\'t move.
他伤到了腿,无法移动。
move away sth. 把…搬开
I\'ll go and move away the bag of rice with Lin Tao.
我去和林涛一起把那袋米搬开。
Please move away the desk and the chair.
请把那个桌子和那把椅子搬开。
13. not … until … 直到…才…
这一结构中的not…until要结合起来理解,不要分开理解。
until可作介词,接表示时间的名词,也可作连词,接一个表示时间的状语从句。
Kate didn\'t go to bed until 10 o\'clock.
凯特直到10点才上床睡觉。
Kate didn\'t go to bed until her mother came back.
凯特直到她妈妈回来才上床睡觉。
I didn\'t finish my homework until ten o\'clock last night.
昨天晚上我直到10点才完成作业 。
He won\'t get up until I call him.
直到我叫他,他才起床。
14. lie (lay, lying) vi. (人、动物)躺,卧
The man lay on the road.
这个男人躺在马路上。
The boy lay on the sofa.
这个男孩子躺在沙发上。
They lay on the grass.
他们躺在草地上。
lie on one\'s back/side/stomach仰卧,侧卧,俯卧
15. stop v. 停止(车、机器)
They go round the corner and stop the traffic.
他们走到拐弯处,阻止车辆继续前行。
I stopped the car.
我将汽车停了下来。
The policeman stopped the truck at the gate.
警察将卡车停在了大门口处。
16. It is nice of + n. (sb.) + to do (某人)真亲切做…
It is nice of you to ask me to your party tonight.
今晚你能邀请我参加你的晚会真是太好了。
17.crowd round团团围住…
Don\'t crowd round him.
别挤在他的周围。
The girls crowded around the film star.
女孩子们挤在这个电影明星周围。
The students crowded round the teacher to ask questions.
学生们围在老师的周围问问题。
18. as … as one can=as … as possible尽可能地
As quickly as she could (=As quickly as possible), Miss Zhao got a medicine box.
赵老师尽可能快地去拿了一个药箱。
The boy ran towards school as fast as he could (=as fast as possible).
这个男孩子尽可能快地向学校跑去。
You must be as careful as you could (=as careful as possible) when you cross the road.
当你过马路的时候,你一定要尽可能的小心。
19. hurry up vi. 赶快(不用于否定句,常用于命令句)
Hurry up, or you will be late.
快点,否则你要迟到的。
hurry off / away vi. & vt. 匆匆离去
Miss Zhao hurried off to look after the man.
赵老师匆匆赶去照看那个人。
20.With the medicine under her arm, Miss Zhao hurried off to look after the man.
with + 名词 + 介词短语:这一结构可用作状语,表示伴随状况。
The teacher came in with a book under his arm.
老师胳膊下夹着一本书进来了。
The poor woman walked through the street with a baby on her back.
这个可怜的妇女背上背着一个婴儿穿过了马路。
21. A gets help from B=B gives help to A
Jim gets help from Tom.=Tom gives help to Jim.
吉姆从汤姆那儿得到帮助。=汤姆向吉姆提供帮助。


同步练习

I. 找出含有题前所给单词划线部分发音的词。
1. lose A. move B. drop C. both D. nose
2. while A. politely B. luckily C. police D. winner
3. crowd A. know B. enough C. sound D. draw
4. language A. past B. basketball C. village D. travel
5. passed A. crowded B. stopped C. traveled D. hurried
II. 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。
1. How many ______ are there in the city? (library)
2. What ______ the Smiths ______ (do) when you went there?
3. There was a book ______ on the desk. (lie)
4. The bell rang while we ______ (play) pingpong.
5. He was ______ to win the match. (luck)
6. While my parents ________ (watch) TV, I ________ (do) my homework.
7. He was _______ hurt in this accident. (bad)
8. The children were shouting loudly but the driver ______ (not hear) them.
9. ________ (work) hard at your lessons and ______ (not talk) in class.
10. What does that man do? He is a gate ______ (keep).

III. 按括号内的要求改变下列句子。
1. They were travelling too fast. (该成一般疑问句)


───────────────────
2. You\'d better give him a ring at once. (改为否定句)

______________________________________
3. The twins went to bed after they finished their homework.
(用not … until改写句子)

______________________________________
4. The girls let the traffic go again at 12 o\'clock. (用not…until改写句子)

______________________________________
5. Please crowd round the teacher.(改为否定句)

────────────────────
IV. 单项选择.
1. --- _____ Wei Fang learning Russian last night?
--- Yes.
A. Is B. Was C. Were D. Did
2. It\'s warmer today. You\'d better ______ your thick sweater.
A. put on B. wear C. take off D. put in
3. Yesterday Tom climbed a tree and fell ________ .
A. away B. out C. from D. off
4. Be quick, ________ we\'ll be late for school.
A. and B. so C. when D. or
5. My uncle always sleeps ________ his eyes open.
A. and B. but C. when D. with
6. After I used his bike, I ________ .
A. gave him back to it B. gave him back it
C. gave it back him D. gave it back to him.
7. I heard them ________ about you yesterday.
A. to talk B. talked C. talk D. were talking
8. The Greens ________ at table when I went in.
A. sat B. was sitting C. were sitting D. is sitting
9. The boy was just looking out of the window ________ the teacher called him.
A. before B. until C. when D. and
10. When we do our homework, we must be ________ .
A. as carefully as we can B. as careful as we can
C. as we can as carefully D. as we can as careful
11. When she ________ , she dropped her pen.
A. pasted B. walked passed C. past D. walked past
12. We went to move the bag away and let the girls ________ help from the school.
A. to go and find B. go and to find
C. go and find D. went and found
13. Look, our books are on the floor. Please ________ .
A. pick it up B. pick up it C. pick them up D. pick up them
14. You can borrow this book, but please give it back to me as ________ as you can.
A. soon B. quick C. quicker D. quickest
15. I ________ breakfast at 7:30 this morning.
A. am having B. was having C. had D. were having

V. 阅读短文,并判断正误。
John lived with his mother in a rather big house, and when she died, the house became too big for him so he bought a smaller one in the next street. There was a very nice old clock in his first house, and when the man came to take his furniture (家具) to the new house, John thought, “I\'m not going to let them carry my beautiful old clock in their truck. Maybe they\'ll break it, and then mending it will be very dear.”So he picked it up and began to carry it down the road under his arms.
It was heavy, so he stopped two or three times to have a rest.
Then suddenly a small boy came along the road. He stopped and looked at John for a few seconds (秒). Then he said to John,“You\'re a stupid (愚蠢) man, aren\'t you? Why don\'t you buy a watch like everybody else?”

( ) 1. John and his mother lived in a big house.
( ) 2. John bought a small house in the next street.
( ) 3. John had a beautiful new clock.
( ) 4. John and his friend carried the clock to his new house.
( ) 5. John was a stupid man.

VI. 完形填空。
Mrs Smith was looking out of her window, when ___1___ saw a truck and a big car ___2___ each other. She ran out to help. There ___3___ only one man in the truck and one woman in the car, and neither of them was hurt, but the car was damaged (损坏).
The lady ___4___ very white and her hands were shaking (发抖), ___5___ Mrs Smith invited her ___6___ her house and gave her some tea. She was a pleasant woman of about 50 years old. She drank the tea and soon looked ___7___. Then she said to Mrs Smith, “Have you ___8___ a telephone, please? I would like to ___9___ my husband. We have a kind of custom (习惯) --- whenever I have an accident with the ___10___ , I telephone him.
( )1. A. she B. he C. it D. I
( )2. A. blew B. beat C. met D. met
( )3. A. were B. was C. has been D. have been
( )4. A. seemed B. became C. looked D. was
( )5. A. and B. but C. as D. so
( )6. A. in B. into C. to D. at
( )7. A. more worse B. much worse C. more better D. much better
( )8. A. bought B. got C. kept D. made
( )9. A. phone B. help C. answer D. tell
( )10 A. bus B. taxi C. truck D. car



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